April 9, 2009 by  
Filed under Gourami

The Gourami species lives in fresh water and is suitable for water with low oxygen. Today, 12 different species of Gouramis are kept in aquariums. Kissing Gourami is the most popular among the Gourami species.

The temperature of the water should be around 75-79ºF and the pH value can be either neutral or slightly acidic. Gouramis prefer relatively soft water. The bottom of the aquarium can be covered by a neutrally colored fine or medium sized substrate. Most of the Gouramis prefer the same type of living conditions. You can feed them almost any kind of food, but ensure some diet variations to provide them with a balanced nutrition. A well-balanced diet consists of a combination of dry, frozen and fresh/live foods.

Gouramis are popular for its peaceful nature and are suitable for community aquariums. Gouramis will get along with other peaceful species of

the same size. You can keep them with Dwarf cichlids, charcins and other labyrinth fish. Even though they are peaceful, they will kill smaller or long finned fish like guppies and bettas. Do not keep more than one male Gourami in the same tank as they tend to be territorial. Females will get along with other fish and normally go to the corner and be by themselves. Male Gouramis ignore other species like Mollies, Silver Dollars, Plectostomus Catfish and Danios.

Red Dwarf Gourami

Red Dwarf Gourami

Fighting between Gouramis can be reduced by setting natural barriers in the aquarium so that they can stay out of each other's sight. Gouramis are not schooling fish.

All Gouramis are egg layers and in order to spawn and raise their young ones, they build bubble nests. Gouramis are easy to breed in an aquarium.

Kissing Gourami

Kissing Gourami

Males build bubble nests and then they'll mate with females. After mating, the female should be removed and the male will look after the nest and the young ones. Some of the common Gourami species are Blue Gourami, Banded Gourami, Chocolate Gourami, Honey Gourami, Kissing Gourami, Dwarf Gourami, Moonlight Gourami, Leeri Gourami, Pearl Gourami, Sunset Gourami, Snakeskin Gourami, Opaline Gourami, Thick lipped Gourami, Red Gourami, Powder Blue Gourami and Three-Spot Gourami.

The average lifespan of Gouramis is 4 years. Dwarf Gouramis reach almost one inch in size. Some species of Gouramis will grow almost to two inches. True Gouramis can grow up to 2 feet. Kissing Gourami can grow up to 10 inches in size. Moonlight Gourami reach a size of 6 inches. Talking Gourami are smaller; they can grow only up to 2 inches.